In the process of In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) the initial proceedings are done outside the body and thus have the advantage to undergo testing in order to identify genetic defects in embryos if any.
During Pregnancy, Aminocentesis or Chrionic villus sampling can be done to diagnose genetic defects and in the case of test resulting positive, the most relevant and the righteous solution will be suggested by our Fertility Specialist at Ssmile, Pune for the well being of both the mother and the child.
However advancements in medical science have revolutionized these phenomena. Ssmile maharashtra, India has adopted these advanced medical advancements and thereby provide the best services to our patients.
Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis and Screening (PGD/PGS) has provided great help to the doctors to save the couple who are planning for a baby from preventing their offspring from such genetic difficulties.
It is a procedure used to identify genetic defects in the embryos before the process of implanting it in the womb of the female. This technique is usually used when either or both male and female of mating couple are facing genetic disorders or when there has been any such case in their family history.
In this process a cell extracted from the IVF embryo and tested for some particular genetic condition or disorder like cystic fibrosis. After examining and identifying it as a safe and healthy embryo, then it is transferred to the womb.
This is used for testing the overall chromosomal normalcy i.e. chromosomal numbers and not any particular disorder.
PGS is used along with in vitro fertilization (IVF) to select healthy embryos that are free of chromosomal abnormalities and specific genetic disorders for transferring it in to the uterus of the woman.
At Ssmile Preimplantation genetic testing may be recommended as per the need of the patient and as suggested by our specialists for advanced maternal age or repeated implantation issues in spite of good embryos.
Both PGD and PGS are types of genetic testing that are performed on cells from embryos in the embryology laboratory at our centre, but they have different utilities and screen for different genetic issues. Many couples having fertility treatment will not require to have either of these tests, but in some cases PGS or PGD might be helpful for the endocrinologist to find healthy embryos to implant in the uterus of the female during IVF treatment.
It is often recommended that if you are 35 or older and are undergoing IVF treatment with your own eggs or if you have been through recurrent miscarriages, our Fertility Specialist at Ssmile may recommend PGS to increase the opportunity of transferring a healthy embryo.
PGS really can be beneficial because it allows the reproductive endocrinologist to forward only the healthiest embryos, thereby increasing the chance of successful IVF Treatment. Five or six embryos are required for this test, and can be a challenging task, especially for women of advanced maternal age with decreased ovarian reserve.